What is A Mutual Fund. Investment Information and Knowledge.

What is a Mutual Fund?

Introduction to Mutual Fund.

How does it work and what are its advantages and disadvantages. What is the unit called, information of mutual funds, how can one invest in it and how is it considered a more secure investment than investing directly in the stock market. Most people are scared to listen to mutual funds or other financial jargon like this. If you look closely, there is really not much need to be afraid to understand the fundamentals of a mutual fund.

What is a Mutual Fund?

By a large number of investors, the deposit amount is called mutual fund which is put into a fund. The fund manager uses his investment management skills to invest this money in various financial instruments. Mutual funds invest in a number of ways which determine their risk and return. Understand here what are the direct plans in a mutual fund.

Mutual funds provide small investors with the opportunity to participate in a portfolio managed by experts in equity, bonds and other securities. Therefore, each investor is proportionately involved in the profit or loss of the fund. Mutual funds invest in a large number of securities and their performance is usually tracked by them as a change in the total AMU of the asset, ie asset under management.

What is the unit?

When many investors jointly invest in a single fund, the fund is divided into equal parts which are called unit or unit. For example, suppose some friends want to buy a piece of land together. A piece of land worth a hundred square yards is worth one lakh rupees. Now if we divide this fund into ten units, then 10,000 units will be created. Investors can buy as many units as they want, depending on their investment potential. If you have only one thousand bucks to invest then you can buy a hundred units. In that proportion, you also become the owner of that investment (land).

How to Understand Mutual Funds?

Now suppose the value of this one lakh investment has increased to Rs 1,20,000 after one month. Now the price of the unit will be calculated according to this investment, while the unit with ten rupees is now worth twelve rupees. The investor who bought one hundred units for one thousand rupees, his investment (100X12) at the rate of twelve rupees per unit is now Rs 1200.

The amount you invest as an investor is based on how many units you own. Therefore, an investor can also be known as a unitholder. Apart from the other income earned from this, the increase in the value of the investment, after deducting the applicable expenditure, load and taxes, is divided in proportion to the number of units/investors/unit holders.

How does Mutual Fund work?

Mutual funds are operated by professional fund managers, ie professional managers, who invest the fund's assets in such a way that the capital gains or returns for the fund's investors. The portfolio of a mutual fund is tailored to the investment objectives stated in its prospectus.

The difference between investing in Shares and Mutual Funds.

Investing in units of mutual funds is different from investing in stocks. Shareholders' rights include voting rights, but on the contrary, mutual funds do not grant any voting rights to their shareholders. A stock of a company can be bought to invest in shares, but a unit of a mutual fund is part of the investment in many different stocks (or other securities). Shares can be sold or bought during market hours and their prices fluctuate during market hours, but their NAV is fixed at the end of each trading day.


The value of a mutual fund unit is known as Net Asset Value (NAV) per unit. The NAV of the Fund is calculated by dividing the total value of the securities in the portfolio by the total number of outstanding units. Mutual fund units can usually be bought or sold at the fund's current NAV.

Benefits of Mutual Fund.

A small investor who is unable to make big investments gets the benefit of investing in small units. In addition, their biggest advantage is that an investor who does not know much about the market leaves his investment in the hands of experts. Experts determine where, how and when to invest. Read here all the benefits of mutual funds in detail.

Where to Invest?

Mutual funds invest in several ways. The most prominent are bonds and stock markets. In addition, you can invest in Gold or any other commodities. There are several types of funds that are known for their investment. The main ones are debt funds, equity funds and balanced funds. Balanced funds are also called hybrid funds. Most diversification is found in equity funds. Also, know what the top mutual fund schemes are for investing.

Easy to invest with SIP.

Can invest in mutual funds through SIP. SIP is actually a systematic investment plan, in which the investor usually invests a predetermined amount per month. You can read in detail what is SIP on our site.

Why Mutual Fund is Investor's Choice?

In recent times, mutual funds have emerged as an alternative to investment and more and more people are investing in them. The main reason is that it is easy to invest in these schemes and investing in them through SIP is becoming more and more people's choice. Mutual funds are a great option for investing in banks where interest rates are decreasing. If invested in the long run, it can be a means to get the highest return on investment.

Disadvantages of Mutual Fund.

Liquidity, diversification and professional management attract a small and novice investor to mutual funds. However, no investment is made without shortcomings and hence mutual funds have their own drawbacks. Like the stock prices, the NAV of these units also fluctuates. However, their investment is driven by professional managers and they are common investors and the returns on the market may be better than the return on investment in mutual funds, and it can be affected by market risk. Read about how much the risk of investing in mutual funds is on our site.

Asset Management Companies.

AMC, ie, asset management companies manage these funds. Most asset management companies are part of large investment companies. There are some well-known asset management companies in India:
  • ICICI Prudential.
  • HDFC.
  • Aditya Birla Sun Life.
  • Reliance.
  • SBI.
  • L&T.
  • Kotak Mahindra.
  • Franklin Templeton.

How to Buy a Mutual Fund?

Mutual funds can be purchased both offline and online. Before investing you should do thorough research and determine which scheme of asset management company you want to invest in. Different types of mutual funds, check the purpose, portfolio and past performance of their investment, although past performance can never be guaranteed that the scheme will perform as it has done in the future. Read here how to buy a mutual fund where we have explained the whole process in detail.

How to invest in a Mutual Fund?

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